Turquoise Cabochon Wire Wrap Pendant wrapped in 14kt Rolled Gold Overall pendant size is 62.5mm x 31.5mm
Probably one of the most recognized semiprecious gemstones in existence, turquoise has been popular since prehistoric times. This stone is a hydrated aluminum copper phosphate that often contains iron. Its name comes from French pierre turquoise, meaning "Turkish stone," a reference to where Persian material passed on its way to Europe. It is considerably softer than quartz and thus is usually treated in some way for stability. It occurs naturally in shades ranging from sky blue to grey-green, usually in locations where copper is hidden in the soil in high concentrations. The blue color is caused by copper, while the green color is caused by iron or chromium.
Because color varies depending on the surrounding soil makeup, many turquoise references include the name of the country, state or mine where they were found. References like this may include Arizona turquoise, because many mines in Arizona, Nevada and Northern Mexico have the proper mineral conditions to produce a light, bright blue, with small to medium amounts of matrix. The famed Sleeping Beauty mine is in Globe, Arizona.
Turquoise has been mined for eons, since at least 6000 B.C. Early Egyptians wore the stone, and many turquoise pieces have been found in their tombs. The ancient Aztecs of Mexico believed turquoise to be a holy stone and mere mortals were not worthy of wearing this precious stone; it was reserved for the worship of their gods. Persian philosopher Al Kazwini wrote that "the hand wearing a turquoise and using it as a sealing stone will never be poor." Turquoises were used to decorate turbans, often set in a border of pearls, to protect the wearer from the evil eye. The gemstone did not reach Europe until the Crusades.
Turquoise is considered a stone of wholeness, promoting the sense of unity of the self and oneness with all that surrounds us. It is said to make one feel at home in both the physical and spiritual worlds. Turquoise is said to open all chakras, permitting the attributes of love, completeness and communication to flow through the body and increasing spiritual bonding. It is especially connected to the fifth (throat) chakra and is believed to assist in opening the fourth (heart) chakra. It also is believed to assist the absorption of nutrients while strengthening the immune system and stimulating tissue regeneration. Crystal healers recommend it for detoxification of alcohol, poisons or radiation. Turquoise is mined in the U.S.A. (Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico), China, Peru, Mexico, Persia (Iran), Tibet, Siberia, Africa, Australia and Europe.